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    From Vatican. For history, see Rome.

    The Vatican

  • Cittą del Vaticano - by Christus Rex (many images)
  • Vatican Exhibit - from the Library of Congress

    Geographic coordinates: 41°54'N, 12°27'E
    Land Area: 0.44 sq km
    Climate: temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to mid-May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)
    Population: 840 (July 1996 est.)
    Type of government: monarchical-sacerdotal state
    Independence: 11 February 1929 (from Italy)
    National holiday: Installation Day of the Pope, 22 October (1978) (John Paul II) note: Pope John Paul II was elected on 16 October 1978
    Constitution: Apostolic Constitution of 1967 (effective 1 March 1968)
    Suffrage: limited to cardinals less than 80 years old
    --From Holy See (Vatican City) - CIA 1996 Factbook